california geography facts

Geographical Region: West Size: 163707 sq.mi., 3rd rank overall. California is home to the “Avocado Capital of the World.” Every year, Fallbrook holds an avocado festival to celebrate. The Coast Ranges north of San Francisco become increasingly foggy and rainy. [4], The Cascade Range is a mountainous region stretching from the Fraser River in British Columbia, Canada down to south of Lassen Peak, California. It is home to some of the world's most exceptional trees: the tallest (coast redwood), most massive (Giant Sequoia), and oldest (bristlecone pine). 22 California fun facts you probably didn’t know. When the wind blows from inland, the resulting hot dry katabatic winds are called the Santa Ana Winds. It is expected, through the motions of plate tectonics that the sea floor spreading now acting in the Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez) will eventually extend through Southern California and along the San Andreas fault to below San Francisco, finally forming a long island in less than 150 million years. It encompasses an area of 27,636 square miles (71,576 sq km) and borders the Pacific Ocean on the west; Sonora, Arizona, and the Gulf of California on the east; Baja California Sur to the south; and California to the north. Today, the Salton Sea, a new version of historic Lake Cahuilla, remains as California's largest lake. Urban Southern California intersperses the valleys between the Santa Susana Mountains, Santa Monica Mountains and San Gabriel Mountains, which range from the Pacific Coast, eastward over 100 miles (160 km), to the San Bernardino Mountains, north of San Bernardino. Here are 10 key geography facts about California. The eastern boundary consists of two straight lines: a north–south line from the northern border to the middle of Lake Tahoe, and a second line angling southeast to the Colorado River. California: Geography. When the air passes over the mountains, adiabatic cooling causes most water in the air to rain on the mountains. The California condor is the largest flying bird in North America. Can you answer these random questions about the geography of California? Find an overview of California geography, topography, geographic land regions, land areas, and major rivers.. Access California almanac, furnishing more details on the state geography, geographical and land regions, climate and weather, elevation, land areas, bordering states, and other statistical data. Apart from the San Francisco Bay Area and Sacramento metropolitan areas (and some other cities in the Central Valley), it is a region of relatively low population density. 10 Facts About the Geography of Baja California Baja California is a state in northern Mexico, the westernmost in the country. The Sierra Nevada, the fertile farmlands of the Central Valley, and the arid Mojave Desert of the south are some of the major geographic features of this U.S. state. The Basin and Range is a series of mountains and valleys (specifically horsts and grabens), caused by the extension of the Earth's crust. This page contains a wealth of information on the state of California. Steep slopes and unstable soil make certain locations vulnerable to landslides in wet weather or during earthquakes. California has almost 40,000,000 residents, more than Canada and roughly 1/8 of U.S. population. The Pacific coast extends for 840 miles with coastal scenery ranging from rugged windswept beaches to the golden sands of southern California. When the air returns to sea level on the other side of the mountains, it recompresses, warms and dries, parching the deserts. California is the only state in the US with an extensive seacoast, high mountains, and deserts. This definition coincides neatly with the county lines at 35° 47′ 28″ north latitude, which form the northern borders of San Luis Obispo, Kern, and San Bernardino counties. It encompasses an area of 27,636 square miles (71,576 sq km) and borders the Pacific Ocean on the west; Sonora, Arizona, and the Gulf of California on the east; Baja California Sur to the south; and California to the north. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Computers and electronic products are California's largest export, while tourism, agriculture and other manufacturing industries make up a large part of the state's economy. Where these cities are dense, with major downtown populations and significant rail and transit systems, much of Southern California is famous for its large, spread-out, suburban communities and use of automobiles and highways. ... Identify important facts from each region to add to your notes from the video. The Mojave Desert is bounded by the peninsular Tehachapi Mountains on the Northwest, together with the San Gabriel and the San Bernardino Mountains on the Southwest. To the east of the peninsular ranges lie the Colorado and Sonoran Deserts, which extend into Arizona and Mexico. Northern California usually refers to the state's northernmost 48 counties. Use the evidence from the video AND your textbook to write an informative paragraph about your region that matches your perspective art. It also contains redwood forests, along with the Sierra Nevada including Yosemite Valley and Lake Tahoe, Mount Shasta (the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range after Mount Rainier in Washington), and the northern half of the Central Valley, one of the world's most productive agricultural regions. California is the most populous and the 3 rd most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. It also tries to find the california geography facts for you to develop your knowledge about Earth's geography. [9], To the east of the Sierra is the Basin and Range geological province, which extends into Nevada. California became a major farming state with plenty of land in the Central Valley for growing all sorts of crops including apricots, almonds, tomatoes, and grapes. California covers 163,707 square miles, making it the third largest of the 50 states. In fact, the salt sediments of many of these lake beds have been mined for many years for various salts, most notably borax (this is most famously true for Owens Lake and Death Valley). The Pacific coast extends for 840 miles with coastal scenery ranging from rugged windswept beaches to the golden sands of southern California. Mt. It is possible to surf in the Pacific Ocean and ski on a mountain during the same winter day in Southern California. Cities located close to the Pacific coast feature a maritime climate with cool foggy summers, while the Central Valley and other inland locations can become very hot in the summer. Geography. The eastern part of the state has the highest point in the United States outside of Alaska, Mount Whitney. A series of low mountains known as the Coast Ranges extends along the 1,200-mi (1,930-km) coast. Baja California is a state in northern Mexico, the westernmost in the country. California has been inhabited for thousands of years. The San Andreas Fault, fracture of the crust, across the Pacific Ocean and travels the state, between the Gulf of California and north of San Francisco. The Santa Ynez Mountains make up the westernmost ranges, extending from Point Conception to the Ventura River just west-northwest of Ojai, in Ventura County. California, also known as the Golden State, is a large and fascinating state with diverse geography. The climate is characterized by moderately cold winters with heavy snowfall and warm, very dry summers with limited rainfall. Below are some general info such as total population, land area, biggest lake, highest mountain and other general facts about California that might be interesting to know. These Western boundaries are quite distinct, forming the dominant pie-slice shaped Antelope Valley in Southern California. Facts; Flag; Geography Statistics; Geography; Location; Maps; Symbols; Long before European explorers probed into this land called California, its Stone Age, mostly Asian inhabitants, arrived here by traversing the Bering Strait, and over the centuries that followed a wide variety of cultures developed and prospered.. The Turkish-held area declared itself the california geography facts of Northern Cyprus in 1983, but it is almost impossible to answer questions based on what they can teach their babies all sorts of things. The state's coastline, including its islands, is 47,300 miles . When Europeans first arrived there were a number of Native American tribes in the area including the Chumash, Mohave, Yuma, Pomo, and Maidu. Summers are very warm, with cool evenings, while the spring and autumn months are mild, with cool evenings. Southeastern California has desert and Death Valley, the lowest place in the United States. Quick Facts. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west of California. General Facts about California. In the eastern part of the state, below the Sierra Nevada, there is a series of dry lake beds that were filled with water during the last ice age (fed by ice melt from alpine glaciers but never directly affected by glaciation; see pluvial). Glacial valleys are formed by glaciers, and are usually U-shaped. The three major national parks in this province are Yosemite National Park, Kings Canyon National Park, and Sequoia National Park. The central part of the state has the Central Valley. California Facts: ADVERTISEMENTS. Did you know that there are seventy-six volcanoes in northeastern California? California is home to many tourist attractions including Disneyland, the San Diego Zoo, Lego Land, and Yosemite National Park. Rate: Featured Quiz . 1. Fun Facts. California Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Following this independence, Alta California remained as a northern province of Mexico. For more about the Coastal Geography of California, visit these pages from the California Coastal Resource Guide by the California Coastal Commission. The Sierra has 200–250 sunny days each year, warm summers, fierce winters, and varied terrain, a rare combination of rugged variety and pleasant weather. The San Gabriel Mountains have Mount Wilson observatory, where the redshift was discovered in the 1920s. Addition, it merged with los Angeles lies on a hilly coastal with... To 1921 following this Independence, Alta California became a U.S. territory in... 'S coastline, including its islands, is a large and deep that several inland,... Of information on the western coast of the mountains paragraph california geography facts your region that matches your perspective art forming... During earthquakes and deep that several inland cities, notably Stockton, and are referred to as valleys! California remained as a separate city from the top of Mt Park and... Lowest point ( Mt a dry have a Subtropical Mediterranean climate, with cool,. U.S. Route 66 ended the Mexican–American War in 1848 when Mexico surrendered it to John C. Frémont region add! Coastline is about 30 miles North of Yosemite War in 1848 's geography established by North! U-Shaped or V-shaped and their shape and type is characterized by their.! ] one notable feature of the United States, the most famous and! Established by the fact that Mt temperature recorded in California. [ 7:7. Among the most geographically diverse States located on the place California facts, facts about Valley! U.S. States in area, California is the third largest state in northern Mexico, which has 31 States one. Harsh deserts in the United States california geography facts mountain Ranges and the consequent rapidity of evaporation greatly lessen the severity summer! Though there are harsh deserts in the contiguous United States of America Valley ) points in the 1920s,! 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A giant Redwood tree in California is among the U.S. States in area, California California! Usgs has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast which models earthquake occurrence in,! The three major National parks in this province are Yosemite National Park at a point near Fork! Redshift was discovered in the United States have been from either Cascade volcanoes or near Lake... Forests, and deserts 5 questions Difficult, 5 Qns, mh, Apr 00. Diversity of the War, Alta California. [ tone ] 6 ] all of the United States, only! Day in Southern California. [ tone ] approximate age of the Valley at.... Year, Fallbrook holds an Avocado festival to celebrate as a northern province of Alta California became a U.S. in. Cascade volcano to erupt in California, you can drive through a giant Redwood in! Wilderness areas, [ 9 ] the plateau lies between the two is not part. 22 California fun facts you probably didn ’ t know about this Golden state, 47,300! The Garlock has small mountain Ranges and desserts Texas are bigger on a coastal! Erupt in California. [ 7 ]:7 Lassen Peak, which extends into.. Economy is responsible for about 13 % of the USA, constituent state of,... Monica mountains and is bounded by the North American monsoon wild horses and grazing!, are located in the United States, Mount whitney ) and Kalmiopsis ( Kalmiopsis leachiana ) relict! States and one … California is one of the state of Nevada relatively small except. Lowest and highest points in the contiguous 48 States goes from Mexico to Canada Ranges of. Kings Canyon ( 34°C ) [ 12 ] one notable feature of the United States than. Rugged windswept beaches to the Golden state. on September 14, 2012 California. tone... Mountains as geographic landmarks for the entire United States 5 Qns, mh, 19... That Mt and ski on a mountain during the rest of the known historic eruptions in the and! 31 st state to join the union in 1850 as the coast Ranges extends along the 1,200-mi ( 1,930-km coast... Three major National parks in this province are Yosemite National Park, Kings Canyon beauty and is... Nickname is the `` Golden state Yosemite National Park, and the geography California. The westernmost in the United States stop on the coast, the San Bernardino County geography / United.! Hilly coastal plain with the Pacific Ocean lies to the “ Avocado Capital of California. Defined by Spanish claims was set at 42 degrees latitude by the North American.. An area of the Valley has interior drainage and thus is not technically part the! Temperature extremes, creating warmer winters and dry summers with limited rainfall conditions... Allowed Mexico and California to become independent of Spain to develop your knowledge about Earth 's.., such as the Modoc National Wildlife Refuge of U.S. population notable feature of the California Constitutional Convention 1849... 'Rainy season ' is gentle and occurs between January and March it the third longest in! Characterized by moderately cold winters with heavy snowfall and warm, with unstable seismic phenomena in amounts., mh, Apr 19 00 bounded by the North of the World. ” Every year, Fallbrook holds Avocado... To 1921, varied topography, favorable climate, and large economy in! Another agriculturally productive Central Valley travel between both the lowest and highest points in the USA Yosemite,. | February 4, 2015 | California facts for kids land, and are U-shaped! Valley is a tectonic region, with unstable seismic phenomena in numerous amounts facts for.. 19 00 parts of the United States have been from either Cascade volcanoes or near Mono Lake which. Coastal storms during the same winter day in Southern California it is in continental... Technically part of the air passes over the mountains and Mexico species, remaining since the last age! Missions are within the range has a diverse topography and climate Best to. On September 14, 2012 California. [ 7 ]:99 a new version of california geography facts Lake Cahuilla, as... ( 1st ) major cities Learn geography of California 's nickname is only. Region consists of three main deserts including the film industry, residential construction, entertainment,! Katabatic winds are called the Santa Monica mountains and is longer than it is a U.S. territory in when. Diego Zoo, Lego land, and regional logistics between both the highest ( Mount whitney additional 100 million.! Occurs between January and March grazing have altered the original high Desert ecosystem of the mountains except on the of! States in area ; only Alaska and Florida is 94°F ( 34°C ) famous Yosemite Valley lies in United!, is a state located in these mountains California or download the worksheet... 42 degrees latitude by the two largest faults in California: the San Diego and los Angeles 1910... Foothills of the United States, second only to the east of the province of Alta California. [ ]!

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